Agency VA 4147
Melbourne Gaol
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Date Range: By 1845 - 1924
 
Description of this AgencyDescription of this Agency
The Melbourne Gaol is first referred to in a New South Wales Act of Council in 1840 (4 Vic. No 29) which conferred upon the Sheriff of New South Wales the control of all prisoners confined in the gaol and provided for control in the Port Phillip District by a Deputy Sheriff.

Tenders were called in 1840 for the building of the new Melbourne Gaol. It opened on January 1 1845, the first large modern gaol to be built in the Port Phillip District. The Melbourne Gaol had a role in Victorias prison system as the Remand, Trial and Debtors prison. It also housed all female prisoners until 1894 when they were transferred to the new Female Prison at Pentridge (VA 4141).

The decision was made in 1922 to close the Melbourne Gaol and transfer prisoners to Pentridge. The Melbourne Gaol was closed by proclamation dated 1 October 1924.
 
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? 1842 - 1965 Returns of Criminals Executed in Victoria and Prisoners Sentenced to Death Whose Sentence Has Been Commuted VPRS 16631 North Melbourne Open
? 1851 - ? 1855 Calendar of Prisoners Appearing Before Criminal Sessions VPRS 16629 North Melbourne Open
? 1901 - ? 1918 Circular and Note Book VPRS 16628 North Melbourne Undetermined
1850 - ? 1941 Register of Names, Particulars and Personal Descriptions of Prisoners Received VPRS 521 North Melbourne Part Open
1852 - ? 1870 Register of Female Prisoners Received VPRS 12942 North Melbourne Part Open
1857 - 1890 Register of Officers and Warders Service VPRS 10936 North Melbourne Closed
1862 - 1864 Letter Book VPRS 10947 North Melbourne Open
1877 - 1961 Index to Register of Prisoners Received VPRS 526 North Melbourne Part Open
1897 - 1908 Reception Registers VPRS 524 North Melbourne Open
1912 - 1920 Brief History of Mental and Special Cases VPRS 10920 North Melbourne Open
By 1895 - By 1896 Governor's Diary VPRS 10856 North Melbourne Closed
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1845 - 1924 Prisons and Youth Training Centres VRG 9