Public Record Office Victoria  
Home Contact Us Site Map
 
Function VF 26
Herbarium
About this Function Related Agencies Related Groups
 
Is this the right Function?Is this the right Function?
  • Use this Function for
    The activities of the Government Botanist and the management of the National Herbarium, Melbourne, from 1992 functions administered under the provisions of the Royal Botanic Gardens Act 1991:to conserve and enhance the State botanical collection and National Herbarium including the storage and maintenance of plant specimans systematically named and arranged for research purposes.

  • Do not use this Function for
    Botanic Gardens

    Conservation (flora)

 
Description of this FunctionDescription of this Function
Background

Dr Ferdinand Mueller (later Baron Ferdinand von Mueller) was appointed as Victoria's first Government Botanist in 1853 with a brief to study the native flora of the colony, particularly its potential for commercial and medicinal application. [Annual Report Royal Botanic Gardens Melbourne, 1993, p.5] As Government Botanist Mueller was also responsible for preparing botany and economic botany exhibits for the Melbourne exhibition of 1854 and the Paris exhibition of 1855. In the same year as his appointment he established a national herbarium.

In 1857 a new office was created and Mueller was also made Director of the Botanic Gardens (later Royal). He established close relations with similar institutions throughout the world and effected important exchanges of plants, re-arranged and extended the grounds and paid particular attention to the native vegetation. He also devoted part of the area to plant-beds showing a scientific arrangement of plants in their natural orders.

The National Herbarium, which houses a collection of dried plants, systematically named and arranged for research purposes and for the identification of plant specimens submitted by the community, was managed by the Government Botanist until 1982. The original herbarium was built in 1857 to accommodate the botanical collections of the Government Botanist and to house his collection formed from 1840 which was later presented to the State.

In 1873 the positions of Director of the Gardens and Government Botanist were divided and Mueller was deprived of the former office. In 1924 the offices of Director and Government Botanist were again united and the National Herbarium of Victoria was again brought into association with the Gardens, having been separated since Mueller's removal from the directorship in 1873. From 1924 the Royal Botanic Gardens and the National Herbarium have been administered jointly and in 1992 after 146 years of being part of the administration of various government departments, management of the National Herbarium and the gardens passed to the newly established Royal Botanic Gardens Board (VA 3124) in July 1992 under the provisions of the Royal Botanic Gardens Act 1991.


 
Related FunctionsRelated Functions
  • Related Functions
    Display entries per page
    Function Title Function Number
    Botanic gardens VF 27
    Conservation (flora) VF 284
  • Broader Functions
    Display entries per page
    Function Title Function Number
    Parks and reserves VF 399
  • Narrower Functions
    Display entries per page
    Function Title Function Number
 
Other InformationOther Information
 
Agencies with prime responsibility for this FunctionAgencies with prime responsibility for this Function
Display entries per page
Date of Responsibility Agency Title Agency Number
- 1855 Colonial Secretary's Office VA 856
1855 - 1857 Chief Secretary's Department VA 475
1857 - 1859 Public Works Department (previously the Department of the Commissioner of Public Works) VA 669
1859 - 1868 Chief Secretary's Department VA 475
1868 - 1870 Department of Crown Lands and Survey VA 538
1870 - 1873 Chief Secretary's Department VA 475
1873 - 1874 Department of Agriculture VA 618
1874 - 1903 Chief Secretary's Department VA 475
1903 - 1913 Department of Agriculture VA 618
1913 - 1925 Chief Secretary's Department VA 475
1925 - 1983 Department of Crown Lands and Survey VA 538
1983 - 1990 Department of Conservation, Forests and Lands VA 1034
1990 - 1992 Department of Conservation and Environment VA 3004
1992 - cont Royal Botanic Gardens Board VA 3124
 
Other Agencies responsible for this FunctionOther Agencies responsible for this Function
Display entries per page
Date of Responsibility Agency Title Agency Number
 
Groups related to this FunctionGroups related to this Function
Display entries per page
Date of Responsibility Group Title Group Number
- 1855 Colonial Secretary VRG 16
1855 - 1857 Chief Secretary VRG 26
1857 - 1859 Public Works VRG 28
1859 - 1868 Chief Secretary VRG 26
1868 - 1870 Lands VRG 18
1870 - 1873 Chief Secretary VRG 26
1873 - 1874 Agriculture VRG 34
1874 - 1903 Chief Secretary VRG 26
1903 - 1913 Agriculture VRG 34
1913 - 1925 Chief Secretary VRG 26
1925 - 1983 Lands VRG 18
1983 - 1990 Conservation, Forests and Lands VRG 75
1990 - cont Conservation and Environment VRG 94
More Help
Help On This Page

Functions describe the role and administrative activities of government.

This page provides details about a function, including a list of the agencies that have created records about the function over time.

More about function details pages

   
© Copyright 2005   Government of Victoria   Disclaimer    Accessibility   Privacy   Contact Us