Function VF 98
Fisheries and wildlife
About this Function Related Agencies Related Groups
Is this the right Function?Is this the right Function?
  • Use this Function for
    Management of the fish and wildlife resources of Victoria including:
    Development and management of fisheries and wildlife for commercial and recreational exploitation
    Licensing of harvesters and sellers of wildlife
    Recreational fishing licences
    Conservation, management and research for the protection of fauna and fish and their habitats
    Administration of wildlife possession and trade and hunting

  • Do not use this Function for
    Conservation (flora)

    Fisheries (commercial)

    Fish marketing

    Management of parks

    Management of reserves other than wildlife reserves

Description of this FunctionDescription of this Function
From 1862 - 1975 functions undertaken under the provisions of the various Game Acts and Fisheries Acts included :

protection of specified animals for specified periods and/or locations from wilful destruction :

The first Game Act in 1862 was designed to protect animals introduced by the Acclimatisation Society from 1861, such as the fox, hare, rabbit, squirrel and antelope. By the early twentieth century native game and some native wildlife, such as koalas were also specified.

( regulation of hunting and shooting, including issue of licences and permits, the employment of inspectors and use of police and honorary inspectors.

stocking of streams and lakes with trout and the development of research into freshwater and marine fisheries.

By 1913 trout were being distributed from hatcheries and in 1933 a trout licence was introduced. The appointment of the first biologist in 1941 resulted in bream fishery research at the Gippsland lakes, leading to the first Victorian fisheries management regulations. The Snob's Creek Freshwater Fisheries Research Station and Hatchery was established in 1946. In 1947 the Port Phillip Bay fisheries were studied to encourage the commercial marine fishing industry. Since 1968 fees from commercial fishing have been applied to research, management and development of commercial fisheries.

( management of sanctuaries proclaimed under the Land Acts, where all fauna (partly protected non-native and native game) are protected for the whole year.

( management of State wildlife reserves, introduced in 1959 to cater primarily for the reservation and the management of wildlife habitat.

( research into wildlife conservation, the first wildlife research station "Serendip" at Lara near Geelong in 1959. Subsequently an Environmental Studies Section was set up in 1963; and in 1970 major new research facilities at the Arthur Rylah Institute for Environmental Research were established at Heidelberg.

From 1975 to 1988 functions undertaken under the Wildlife Act 1975 and the Fisheries Act 1975 included:

( regulation of the taking, trading and possession of protected species; issue of licences to buy, sell, keep and breed wildlife issued and fees. Fees collected were used to support wildlife conservation work by the Fisheries and Wildlife Division

( issue of hunting licences and permits

( marine conservation

( classification of wildlife into the following categories, each of which was assigned a different degree of protection: Endangered Species; Notable Wildlife and Other Protected Wildlife. Nearly all species of native vertebrate animals were protected.

( management of State Wildlife Reserves under the provisions of the Wildlife Act which established three types of reserve:

State Game Reserves were areas in which hunters were permitted to take game during the prescribed open season.

State Game Refuges were areas in which work was carried out to preserve, restore or create game habitat. Hunting was prohibited in all of these localities which thus provided sanctuary for game during the hunting season.

State Faunal reserves were reserved for the preservation and propagation of species of wildlife other than game. The taking of wildlife was prohibited. Wildlife sanctuaries where hunting or killing of wildlife was prohibited were declared by Governor in Council.

( establishment of "Wildlife Management Co-operatives Areas" on land and on Crown Land vested in other authorities. For these areas a management plan may be drawn up to encourage the conservation of wildlife. The Fisheries and Wildlife Division assists with the implementation of such plans.

( research into wildlife conservation; Game Management Stations established as regional research centres where intensive management studies, research and pilot schemes for wildlife management developed and assessed

From 1988 functions undertaken under the Wildlife Act 1975 and the Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988 included:

( protection of all native fauna and fish on Victorian land and waters
recommendations for listing of "threatened species" (rare, geographically restricted, vulnerable or endangered species) for extra protection or a potentially threatening process for closer management and or prevention. Preparation and administration of Action Statements and Management Plans which indicate what action has been taken and what action is intended in relation to each listed species, community, ecosystem or potentially endangering process.
. functions undertaken by the Scientific Advisory Committee considering nominations for listing
( preparation of Flora and Fauna Guarantee Strategy
( administration of Interim Protection Orders, issued by the Minister. These allow immediate action to be taken to protect habitat and associated flora and fauna in critical areas on Crown or land Such orders may prohibit or regulate use, management or development of the land concerned and may set requirements for appropriate works or activities to be undertaken. Payment of compensation to landholders is possible. Appeals can be made to the Administrative Appeals Tribunal.
( determination of critical habitats by the Director/Secretary of the Department, is a pre-requisite for the issue of an Interim Protection Order. The breaching of such may carry legal consequences in certain circumstances
( administration of Public Authority Management Agreements and consultation with public authorities regarding work plans for activities within critical habitats

Related FunctionsRelated Functions
  • Related Functions
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    Function Title Function Number
    Agriculture VF 245
    Animal protection VF 111
    Crown lands (public) VF 309
    Forests VF 30
    National parks VF 173
    Parks and reserves VF 399
    Veterinary services VF 110
  • Broader Functions
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    Function Title Function Number
  • Narrower Functions
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    Function Title Function Number
    Fisheries, commercial licences VF 230
Other InformationOther Information
Agencies with prime responsibility for this FunctionAgencies with prime responsibility for this Function
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Date of Responsibility Agency Title Agency Number
- 1900 Department of Trade and Customs VA 606
1900 - 1910 Public Works Department (previously the Department of the Commissioner of Public Works) VA 669
1910 - 1913 Department of Agriculture VA 618
1913 - 1973 Chief Secretary's Department VA 475
1973 - 1983 Ministry for Conservation VA 551
1983 - 1990 Department of Conservation, Forests and Lands VA 1034
1990 - 1992 Department of Conservation and Environment VA 3004
1992 - 1996 Department of Conservation and Natural Resources VA 3097
Other Agencies responsible for this FunctionOther Agencies responsible for this Function
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Date of Responsibility Agency Title Agency Number
Groups related to this FunctionGroups related to this Function
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Date of Responsibility Group Title Group Number
- 1900 Trade and Customs VRG 22
1900 - 1910 Public Works VRG 28
1910 - 1913 Agriculture VRG 34
1913 - 1973 Chief Secretary VRG 26
1973 - 1983 Conservation VRG 55
1983 - 1990 Conservation, Forests and Lands VRG 75
1990 - 1996 Conservation and Environment VRG 94
1992 - 1996 Natural Resources VRG 129
1996 - cont Environment and Conservation (previously Conservation and Land Management) VRG 123